NPC Calendar: October 2019

The revised People’s Courts Organic Law [人民法院组织法] and revised People’s Procuratorates Organic Law [人民检察院组织法] take effect on October 1.

The Communist Party’s 19th Central Committee will convene for its fourth plenum sometime this month to discuss issues on “upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance.” We will cover the plenum’s expected decision on these issues to the extent it has implications for the NPC.

The 13th NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is expected to convene for its 14th session in late October. The Council of Chairpersons is expected to meet in mid-October to decide on the agenda and dates of the session.

The draft amendment to the Patent Law [专利法] is likely to return for further review. The draft Basic Healthcare and Health Promotion Law [基本医疗卫生与健康促进法] and draft Encryption Law [密码法] will probably also return for further review. The upcoming NPCSC session may additionally consider the following bills:

  • draft Criminal Law Amendment (XI) [刑法修正案(十一)];
  • draft revision to the Minors Protection Law [未成年人保护法]; and
  • draft revision to the Law on the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency [预防未成年人犯罪法].

October 31 marks the 30th anniversary of the passage and entry into force of the Assembles, Processions, and Demonstrations Law [集会游行示威法]—the immediate legislative response to the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests.


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NPC Calendar: September 2019

The Farmland Occupancy Tax Law [耕地占用税法] takes effect on September 1.

The NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is soliciting public comments on the draft Encryption Law [密码法] through September 2, 2019, and on the following bills through September 26, 2019:

We expect the NPCSC to hold a special session sometime this month to decide to confer China’s highest State honors on (tentatively) 33 individuals endorsed by the Communist Party. The Party will recommend to the NPCSC that 8 of them be awarded the Medal of the Republic [共和国勋章] and that the other 25 be given (as-yet unspecified) State honorary titles [国家荣誉称号]. You can read about those individuals here (in Chinese).

The NPCSC will meet for its next regularly scheduled session in late October.


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NPC Calendar: August 2019

The NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is soliciting public comments on the following draft laws through August 3, 2019 (except for the draft Encryption Law, whose comments period ends on September 2, 2019):

The 13th NPCSC is expected to convene for its 12th session in late August. The Council of Chairpersons is expected to meet in mid-August to decide on the agenda and dates of the session.

The following legislative bills are likely to return for further review:


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NPC Calendar: July 2019

The Vehicle Acquisition Tax Law [车辆购置税法] takes effect on July 1.

The NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is expected to solicit public comments on the following draft laws this week:

The NPCSC will convene for its next regularly scheduled session in late August.

July 1 marks the 40th anniversary of the enactment of the Criminal Law [刑法] and the Criminal Procedure Law [刑事诉讼法] (among five other important laws). They were the first batch of laws enacted by the full NPC in the aftermath of the decade-long Cultural Revolution.


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NPC Calendar: June 2019

The revised Civil Servants Law [公务员法] takes effect on June 1.

The 13th NPC Standing Committee is expected to convene for its 11th session in late June. The Council of Chairpersons is expected to meet in mid-June to decide on the agenda and dates of the session.

The following legislative bills are likely to return for further review:


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NPC Calendar: May 2019

The NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is soliciting public comments on the following draft laws through May 25:

We expect the NPCSC to release its 2019 legislative and oversight plans in early May. It will convene for its next regularly scheduled session in late June.


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NPC Calendar: April 2019

April 4 marks the 30th anniversary of the passage of the Administrative Litigation Law [行政诉讼法]—a landmark event in modern Chinese law.

The 13th NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is expected to convene for its 10th session in late April. The Council of Chairpersons* is expected to meet in mid-April to decide on the agenda and dates of the session as well as approve the NPCSC’s 2019 legislative and oversight plans. We expect both plans to be released after the upcoming NPCSC session concludes.

We expect the session to review for the third time a draft revision to the Securities Law [证券法], after having done so in April 2017 and April 2015. Based on the China Securities Regulatory Commission’s 2019 legislative plan, it is possible that a draft revision to the Company Law [公司法] and a draft Criminal Law Amendment (XI) [刑法修正案(十一)] would be considered together with the draft Securities Law revision.

The following legislative bills are likely to return for further review:


* We have previously translated 委员长会议 as “Council of Chairmen,” in line with the official English translation of China’s Constitution. But recently the Council has been given a gender-neutral translation, according to the NPC’s English website. We will make the same change, starting with this blog post.


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NPC Calendar: March 2019

The 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) will convene for its second annual session on Tuesday, March 5. The Session’s agenda has not yet been finalized, but we expect it to include the following:

  • Hear and deliberate the Government Work Report;
  • Hear and deliberate work reports by the NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC), the Supreme People’s Court, and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate;
  • Review and approve the report on the execution of the 2018 National Economic and Social Development Plan and on the draft 2019 National Economic and Social Development Plan;
  • Approve the 2019 National Economic and Social Development Plan;
  • Review and approve the report on the execution of the 2018 Central and Local Budgets and on the draft 2019 Central and Local Budgets;
  • Approve the 2019 Central Budget;
  • Deliberate the draft Foreign Investment Law [外商投资法].

We also expect the Session to retroactively approve the resignation of Zhang Rongshun [张荣顺] as an NPCSC member in June 2018. He has since been appointed a deputy director of the Central Government’s Liaison Office in Macau. Under Chinese law, an NPCSC member must resign if he is to serve in an administrative agency.

On March 4, the Session will convene for a preparatory meeting to select members of the Presidium (which will preside over the Session) and to finalize the Session’s agenda. The Presidium will then immediately meet to decide on (among other matters) the Session’s daily schedule. Shortly thereafter the Session is expected to hold its first press conference.

We expect the NPC’s 2019 annual session to close around March 15. On that last day, we expect it to approve the Foreign Investment Law.


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NPC Calendar: February 2019

The 13th NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) will convene for a regularly scheduled session late this month. The Council of Chairmen is expected to meet soon after the Lunar New Year holiday (February 4–10) to decide on the dates and agenda of the session.

The NPCSC will mainly prepare for the 2019 NPC session (including by discussing a draft of its annual work report) at its upcoming meeting, but may still review one or two legislative bills. Possible candidates include:

The NPCSC is soliciting public comments on the draft Foreign Investment Law [外商投资法] through February 24, 2019. It is also seeking comments on the following draft laws through February 3, 2019:


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NPC Calendar: January 2019

The following laws and decisions take effect on January 1, 2019:

The NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is soliciting public comments on the draft Foreign Investment Law [外商投资法] through February 24, 2019. We also expect it to seek public comments on the following draft bills in early January:

It may also release the Part on Contracts [合同编] and Part on Tort Liability [侵权责任编] of the draft Civil Code for public comments.

The NPCSC will meet for its next regularly scheduled session in late February 2019.


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