Legal Notice

Please read this Notice carefully before using (the Website). Access to the Website is subject to the terms set out in this Notice. Your use of the Website constitutes your acceptance of these terms. If you do not accept these terms, please do not use the Website.


Except as otherwise expressly stated, we make our content available under the Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. This essentially means that you may reproduce or redistribute our works without our permission, on the condition that any work so used be explicitly attributed to NPC Observer and neither used commercially nor modified, unless permitted by us in writing.

If you are uncertain whether your use of our content is permitted under this license, please contact us.

We do not claim copyright to any work described in article 5, item 1 of the Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China, as amended in 2020, that may appear on the Website.


The Website contains general legal information. Any such information is provided for educational or informational purposes only. It does not constitute legal advice and should not be treated as such. You should not act on any such information without first seeking legal counsel in the relevant jurisdiction.

All information on the Website is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranty or representation that the information will be constantly available, or available at all, or is true, accurate, complete, current, or non-misleading.