Legislation: 13th NPC

Final update: February 25, 2023

Editor’s Note: We will no longer update this page now that the 13th NPC’s term has ended. Click here for the 14th NPC’s legislation.

  • This page is based on the 13th NPC Standing Committee’s five-year legislative plan (“Five-Year Plan”) and its special public health legislative plan (“Special Plan”).
  • Three types of legislative projects are listed in the tables below:
    • all numbered projects in the two Plans (i.e., Categories I and II projects in the Five-Year Plan, and Category I projects in the Special Plan);
    • any Category III project in the Five-Year Plan that has been submitted for review; and
    • any other important bill approved by the 13th NPC or its Standing Committee, including all bills passed after two or more reviews (“unlisted projects”).
  • All legislative projects are organized into two groups: “new laws” and “amendments & revisions.” Within each group, Category I, Category II, Category III, and unlisted projects form separate subgroups. Category I projects in the two Plans are not listed separately, but are given separate notations.
  • Within each subgroup, completed projects () are listed first, followed by projects pending by end of the term () and then projects that were not submitted for deliberation during the term. Projects on which the State Council has solicited public comments are each marked with a blue triangle ().
  • We have created a bill page for each completed and pending project. On the bill pages, votes are listed in the order of yea – abstention – nay.

New Laws

Five-Year Plan project that is also a Category I project in the Special Plan

Category I Projects

Supervision Law监察法
People’s Assessors Law人民陪审员法
Heroes and Martyrs Protection Law英雄烈士保护法
Separate Parts of the Civil Code (Civil Code Compilation)民法典分编(民法典编纂)
E-Commerce Law电子商务法
Foreign Investment Law外商投资法
Law on Governmental Sanctions for Public Employees
Governmental Sanctions Law
Community Corrections Law社区矫正法
Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law土壤污染防治法
Basic Healthcare and Health Promotion Law基本医疗卫生与健康促进法
Yangtze River Protection Law长江保护法
Export Control Law出口管制法
Cryptography Law密码法
Resource Tax Law资源税法
Urban Maintenance and Construction Tax Law城市维护建设税法
Farmland Occupancy Tax Law耕地占用税法
Vehicle Acquisition Tax Law车辆购置税法
Deed Tax Law契税法
Stamp Tax Law印花税法
Personal Information Protection Law个人信息保护法
Data Security Law数据安全法
Criminal Law Amendment (XI)刑法修正案(十一)
International Criminal Justice Assistance Law国际刑事司法协助法
Value-Added Tax Law增值税法
Real Property Registration Law不动产登记法
 Integrated Military and Civilian Development Law军民融合发展法
Preschool Education Law学前教育法
Cultural Industry Promotion Law文化产业促进法
 Antarctic Activities and Environmental Protection Law南极活动与环境保护法
Consumption Tax Law消费税法
 Real Estate Tax Law房地产税法
 Tariff Law关税法
Atomic Energy Law原子能法
 Law on Ensuring Food Security粮食安全保障法
Social Assistance Law社会救助法

Category II Projects

Supervision Officials Law监察官法
Futures and Derivatives Law
Futures Law
Rural Revitalization Promotion Law乡村振兴促进法
Veterans Protection Law退役军人保障法
Legal Aid Law法律援助法
Civil Compulsory Enforcement Law民事强制执行法
 Basic Law of the Sea海洋基本法
Detention Center Law看守所法
 Territorial Space Development and Protection Law国土空间开发保护法
Energy Law能源法
 Telecommunications Law电信法
National Parks Law国家公园法
 Space Law航天法
 Aviation Law航空法

Category III Projects

Biosecurity Law生物安全法
Family Education Promotion Law家庭教育促进法
Land Borders Law陆地国界法
Wetlands Protection Law湿地保护法
Rural Collective Economic Organizations Law农村集体经济组织法

Unlisted Projects

Regulations on Fire and Rescue Ranks消防救援衔条例
Vaccine Administration Law疫苗管理法
Decision on Establishing and Improving the Legal Systems and Enforcement Mechanisms for Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定
Law on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region香港特别行政区维护国家安全法
Coast Guard Law海警法
Decision on Improving the Electoral System of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region关于完善香港特别行政区选举制度的决定
Anti–Food Waste Law反食品浪费法
Hainan Free Trade Port Law海南自由贸易港法
Law on the Protection of the Status, Rights, and Interests of Military Personnel军人地位和权益保障法
Anti–Foreign Sanctions Law反外国制裁法
Decision on Authorizing the State Council to Pilot Property Tax Reforms in Certain Regions关于授权国务院在部分地区开展房地产税改革试点工作的决定
Anti–Organized Crime Law反有组织犯罪法
Decision on the System of Ranks for the Active-Duty Soldiers of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army关于中国人民解放军现役士兵衔级制度的决定
Black Soil Protection Law黑土地保护法
Law Against Telecom and Online Fraud反电信网络诈骗法
Yellow River Protection Law黄河保护法
Reservists Law预备役人员法
Qinghai–Tibet Plateau Ecological Conservation Law青藏高原生态保护法
Barrier-Free Environments Development Law无障碍环境建设法
Foreign Relations Law对外关系法
Financial Stability Law金融稳定法
Foreign Sovereign Immunity Law外国国家豁免法

Amendments & Revisions

* Method of modification not yet known
Five-Year Plan project that is also a Category I project in the Special Plan
Added by the Special Plan

Category I Projects

Constitutional Amendment宪法修正案
NPC Organic Law (Amendment)全国人民代表大会组织法(修正)
NPC Rules of Procedure (Amendment)全国人民代表大会议事规则(修正)
NPC Standing Committee Rules of Procedure (Amendment)全国人民代表大会常务委员会议事规则(修正)
Organic Law of Local People’s Congresses at All Levels and Local People’s Governments at All Levels (Amendment)地方各级人民代表大会和地方各级人民政府组织法(修正)
People’s Courts Organic Law (Revision)人民法院组织法(修订)
People’s Procuratorates Organic Law (Revision)人民检察院组织法(修订)
Judges Law (Revision)法官法(修订)
Procurators Law (Revision)检察官法(修订)
Rural Land Contracting Law (Amendment)农村土地承包法(修正)
Patent Law (Amendment)专利法(修正)
Copyright Law (Amendment)著作权法(修正)
Securities Law (Revision)证券法(修订)
Administrative Punishments Law (Revision)行政处罚法(修订)
Archives Law (Revision)档案法(修订)
Military Service Law (Revision)兵役法(修订)
Civil Servants Law (Revision)公务员法(修订)
People’s Armed Police Law (Revision)人民武装警察法(修订)
Drug Administration Law (Revision)药品管理法(修订)
Land Management Law (Amendment)土地管理法(修正)
Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste (Revision)固体废物污染环境防治法(修订)
Law on the Prevention and Control of Noise Pollution
Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Noise Pollution (Revision)
Individual Income Tax Law (Amendment)个人所得税法(修正)
Maritime Traffic Safety Law (Revision)海上交通安全法(修订)
Agricultural Products Quality and Safety Law (Revision)农产品质量安全法(修订)
Forest Law (Revision)森林法(修订)
Minors Protection Law (Revision)未成年人保护法(修订)
Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law (Revision)预防未成年人犯罪法(修订)
Workplace Safety Law (Amendment)安全生产法(修正)
Criminal Procedure Law (Amendment)刑事诉讼法(修正)
Wild Animals Protection Law (Revision)野生动物保护法(修订)
Animal Husbandry Law (Revision)畜牧法(修订)
Administrative Reconsideration Law (Revision)行政复议法(修订)
Emergency Response and Management Law
Emergency Response Law (Revision)
 State Council Organic Law (Revision)国务院组织法(修订)
 Officers in Active Service Law现役军官法*
Public Security Administrative Punishments Law (Revision)治安管理处罚法(修订)
Cultural Relics Protection Law (Revision)文物保护法(修订)
Tax Collection Administration Law (Revision)税收征收管理法(修订)
Railway Law (Revision)铁路法(修订)
Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases (Revision)传染病防治法(修订)
 Frontier Health and Quarantine Law (Revision)国境卫生检疫法(修订)
 Exit-Entry Animals and Plants Quarantine Law (Amendment)进出境动植物检疫法(修正)

Category II Projects

Vocational Education Law (Revision)职业教育法(修订)
Scientific and Technological Progress Law (Revision)科学技术进步法(修订)
Sports Law (Revision)体育法(修订)
Physicians Law
Licensed Physicians Law (Revision)
Anti-Monopoly Law (Amendment)反垄断法(修正)
Animal Epidemic Prevention Law (Revision)动物防疫法(修订)
Audit Law (Amendment)审计法(修正)
Company Law (Revision)公司法(修订)
Enterprise Bankruptcy Law (Revision)企业破产法(修订)
Urban Community Residents’ Committees Organic Law
Urban Residents’ Committees Organic Law (Revision)
 Villagers’ Committees Organic Law (Revision)村民委员会组织法(修订)
 Law on the Oversight by the Standing Committees of People’s Congresses at All Levels各级人民代表大会常务委员会监督法*
Commercial Banks Law (Revision)商业银行法(修订)
Maritime Law (Revision)海商法(修订)
 Civil Air Defense Law人民防空法*
People’s Police Law (Revision)人民警察法(修订)
Road Traffic Safety Law (Revision)道路交通安全法(修订)
 Lawyers Law (Revision)律师法(修订)
Teachers Law (Revision)教师法(修订)
Academic Degrees Law
Academic Degrees Regulations (Revision)
 Urban Real Estate Administration Law城市房地产管理法*
 Environmental Impact Assessment Law环境影响评价法*
 Meteorology Law气象法*
Law on the People’s Bank of China (Revision)中国人民银行法(修订)
Mineral Resources Law (Revision)矿产资源法(修订)
 Electricity Law (Revision)电力法(修订)
 Grassland Law草原法*
Fisheries Law (Revision)渔业法(修订)
 Product Quality Law (Revision)产品质量法(修订)
Metrology Law (Revision)计量法(修订)
Statistics Law (Amendment)统计法(修正)
Civil Aviation Law (Revision)民用航空法(修订)
 Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of the Elderly老年人权益保障法*
Arbitration Law (Revision)仲裁法(修订)

Unlisted Projects

National Flag Law (Amendment)国旗法(修正)
National Emblem Law (Amendment)国徽法(修正)
National Defense Law (Revision)国防法(修订)
Hong Kong SAR Basic Law Annex I (Revision)香港特别行政区基本法附件一(修订)
Hong Kong SAR Basic Law Annex II (Revision)香港特别行政区基本法附件二(修订)
Education Law (Amendment)教育法(修正)
Military Facilities Protection Law (Revision)军事设施保护法(修订)
Population and Family Planning Law (Amendment)人口与计划生育法(修正)
Seed Law (Amendment)种子法(修正)
Civil Procedure Law (Amendment)民事诉讼法(修正)
Trade Unions Law (Amendment)工会法(修正)
Women’s Rights and Interests Protection Law (Revision)妇女权益保障法(修订)
Counterespionage Law (Revision)反间谍法(修订)
Legislation Law (Amendment)立法法(修正)
Marine Environmental Protection Law (Revision)海洋环境保护法(修订)
Charity Law (Revision)慈善法(修订)
Administrative Litigation Law (Amendment)行政诉讼法(修正)


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