Legislation: China’s Current Statutes

Since January 2021, the NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) has been maintaining an official list of Chinese “laws” (or statutes) [法律]. The most current list includes 275 laws. These laws (except the Constitution) are grouped into seven broad areas. Descriptions of these areas below are taken from this 2018 lecture by the Chairperson of the NPC Constitution and Law Committee on the NPCSC’s legislative activities.

This list is translated below. (The “People’s Republic of China” in the laws’ titles are omitted.) We have added the dates when each law was adopted and most recently updated (whether amended or revised). For the avoidance of doubt, the dates are in the format of “year/month/day.” The list does not use the term “law” in its technical sense, for it includes a few legal documents that are not “laws” under the relevant P.R.C. Constitutions (but which are nonetheless considered legally binding).

You can access the current Chinese version of each law by clicking on its Chinese title. If a law’s English title is hyperlinked, the link will direct you to the page for a related bill—which could be the law’s original version or a subsequent amendment or revision—and there you can find more information about the law and the bill. The numbers before laws that were adopted by the full NPC are highlighted. All other laws were adopted by the NPCSC.

This page is still a work in progress. We expect to add a lot more information on this page in the coming days and weeks. We will also continue to update this page as more laws are adopted and updated. Our own additions to this list will each be marked with an asterisk until the NPCSC releases a newer version of the list. If you have any comments or suggestions, please send us a message.


P.R.C. Constitution [宪法]

China’s current Constitution was adopted on December 4, 1982 and has been amended five times, in 1988, 1993, 1999, 2004, and 2018.

Constitution-Related Laws [宪法相关法] (46)

Constitution-related laws implement constitutional provisions on state institutions and citizens’ fundamental rights. Specifically, they govern (1) the creation, organization, functions, and operations of state institutions; (2) the systems of ethnic regional autonomy and grassroots-level self-governance; (3) special administrative regions; (4) state sovereignty and territory, national security, and national symbols; and (4) citizens’ fundamental political rights.

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#TitleAdoptedLast UpdatedNotes
1中华人民共和国地方各级人民代表大会和地方各级人民政府组织法
Organic Law of Local People’s Congresses at All Levels and Local People’s Governments at All Levels
1979/7/12015/8/29
2中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会和地方各级人民代表大会选举法
Election Law for the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at All Levels
1979/7/12020/10/17
3中华人民共和国人民法院组织法
People’s Courts Organic Law
1979/7/12018/10/26
4中华人民共和国人民检察院组织法
People’s Procuratorates Organic Law
1979/7/12018/10/26
5中华人民共和国国籍法
Nationality Law
1980/9/10applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
6中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会组织法
National People’s Congress Organic Law
1982/12/102021/3/11
7中华人民共和国国务院组织法
State Council Organic Law
1982/12/10
8全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于县级以下人民代表大会代表直接选举的若干规定
Several Provisions of the NPCSC on the Direct Elections of the Delegates to the People’s Congresses at or Below the County Level
1983/3/5
9中华人民共和国民族区域自治法
Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law
1984/5/312001/2/28
10全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于在沿海港口城市设立海事法院的决定
NPCSC Decision on Establishing Maritime Courts in Coastal Port Cities
1984/11/14
11中华人民共和国外交特权与豁免条例
Regulations on Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities
1986/9/5applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
12中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会常务委员会议事规则
Rules of Procedure of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress
1987/11/242009/4/24
13全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准中央军事委员会《关于授予军队离休干部中国人民解放军功勋荣誉章的规定》的决定
NPCSC Decision on Approving the Central Military Commission’s Regulations on Conferring the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Honorary Medals of Meritorious Service on Retired Military Cadres
1988/7/1
14中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会议事规则
Rules of Procedure of the National People’s Congress
1989/4/42021/3/11
15中华人民共和国集会游行示威法
Law on Assemblies, Processions, and Demonstrations
1989/10/312009/8/27
16中华人民共和国城市居民委员会组织法
Urban Residents’ Committees Organic Law
1989/12/262018/12/29
17中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法
Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
1990/4/4
(excl. changes to Annexes)
18中华人民共和国国旗法
National Flag Law
1990/6/282020/10/17applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
19中华人民共和国领事特权与豁免条例
Regulations on Consular Privileges and Immunities
1990/10/30applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
20中华人民共和国缔结条约程序法
Law on the Procedures for the Conclusion of Treaties
1990/12/28
21中华人民共和国国徽法
National Emblem Law
1991/3/22020/10/17applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
22中华人民共和国领海及毗连区法
Law on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone
1992/2/25applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
23中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会和地方各级人民代表大会代表法
Law on the Delegates to the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at All Levels
1992/4/32015/8/29
24中华人民共和国澳门特别行政区基本法
Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region
1993/3/31
25中华人民共和国国家赔偿法
State Compensation Law
1994/5/122012/10/26
26中华人民共和国法官法
Judges Law
1995/2/282019/4/23
27中华人民共和国检察官法
Procurators Law
1995/2/282019/4/23
28中华人民共和国戒严法
Martial Law
1996/3/1
29中国人民解放军选举全国人民代表大会和县级以上地方各级人民代表大会代表的办法
Measures for the Elections by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army of Delegates to the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at or Above the County Level
1981/6/102012/6/30
30中华人民共和国香港特别行政区驻军法
Law on the Garrisoning of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
1996/12/30applicable in Hong Kong
31中华人民共和国国防法
National Defense Law
1997/3/142020/12/26
32中华人民共和国专属经济区和大陆架法
Law on the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf
1998/6/26applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
33中华人民共和国村民委员会组织法
Villagers’ Committees Organic Law
1998/11/42018/12/29
34中华人民共和国澳门特别行政区驻军法
Law on the Garrisoning of the Macau Special Administrative Region
1999/6/28applicable in Macau
35中华人民共和国立法法
Legislation Law
2000/3/152015/3/15
36反分裂国家法
Anti-Secession Law
2005/3/14
37中华人民共和国外国中央银行财产司法强制措施豁免法
Law on the Immunity of the Assets of Foreign Central Banks from Compulsory Judicial Measures
2005/10/25applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
38中华人民共和国各级人民代表大会常务委员会监督法
Law on the Oversight by the Standing Committees of People’s Congresses at All Levels
2006/8/27
39中华人民共和国国家安全法
National Security Law
2015/7/1
40中华人民共和国国家勋章和国家荣誉称号法
State Medals and State Honorary Titles Law
2015/12/27
41中华人民共和国国歌法
National Anthem Law
2017/9/1applicable in Hong Kong and Macau
42中华人民共和国监察法
Supervision Law
2018/3/20
43中华人民共和国人民陪审员法
People’s Assessors Law
2018/4/27
44中华人民共和国英雄烈士保护法
Heroes and Martyrs Protection Law
2018/4/27
45中华人民共和国公职人员政务处分法
Law on Governmental Sanctions for Public Employees
2020/6/20
46中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法
Law on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
2020/6/30applicable in Hong Kong

Civil & Commercial Laws [民法商法] (23)

Civil and commercial laws govern the legal relationships between natural persons, legal persons, and unincorporated organizations as entities equal in status. Specifically, they include basic civil laws (codified as the Civil Code), intellectual property laws, and commercial laws (such as companies, securities, and bankcrupty laws).

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
1中华人民共和国民法典
Civil Code
2020/5/28
2中华人民共和国商标法
Trademark Law
1982/8/232019/4/23
3中华人民共和国专利法
Patent Law
1984/3/122020/10/17
4中华人民共和国全民所有制工业企业法
Law on Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People
1988/4/132009/8/27
5中华人民共和国著作权法
Copyright Law
1990/9/72020/11/11
6中华人民共和国海商法
Maritime Law
1992/11/7
7中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法
Law on the Protection of Consumers’ Rights and Interests
1993/10/312013/10/25
8中华人民共和国公司法
Companies Law
1993/12/292018/10/26
9中华人民共和国商业银行法
Commercial Banks Law
1995/5/102015/8/29
10中华人民共和国票据法
Negotiable Instruments Law
1995/5/102004/8/28
11中华人民共和国保险法
Insurance Law
1995/6/302015/4/24
12中华人民共和国拍卖法
Auction Law
1996/7/52015/4/24
13中华人民共和国合伙企业法
Partnership Enterprises Law
1997/2/232006/8/27
14中华人民共和国证券法
Securities Law
1998/12/292019/12/28
15中华人民共和国个人独资企业法
Sole Proprietorships Law
1999/8/30
16中华人民共和国招标投标法
Bid Invitation and Bidding Law
1999/8/302017/12/27
17中华人民共和国信托法
Trust Law
2001/4/28
18中华人民共和国农村土地承包法
Rural Land Contracting Law
2002/8/292018/12/29
19中华人民共和国证券投资基金法
Securities Investment Funds Law
2003/10/282015/4/24
20中华人民共和国电子签名法
Electronic Signature Law
2004/8/282019/4/23
21中华人民共和国企业破产法
Enterprise Bankruptcy Law
2006/8/27
22中华人民共和国农民专业合作社法
Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives Law
2006/10/312017/12/27
23中华人民共和国涉外民事关系法律适用法
Law on the Application of Law to Foreign-Related Civil Relations
2010/10/28

Administrative Laws [行政法] (93)

Administrative laws govern the legal relationships between administrative agencies and private entities that arise from regulatory activities. Specifically, they include substantive administrative laws (such as environmental laws), procedural administrative laws, and laws providing for relief from administrative actions.

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
1中华人民共和国户口登记条例
Household Registration Regulations
1958/1/9
2全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准《国务院关于安置老弱病残干部的暂行办法》的决议
NPCSC Resolution on Approving the State Council’s Interim Measures on Placing Old, Weak, Sick, and Disabled Cadres
1978/5/24
3中华人民共和国学位条例
Academic Degrees Regulations
1980/2/122004/8/28
4全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准《国务院关于老干部离职休养的暂行规定》的决议
NPCSC Resolution on Approving the State Council’s Interim Provisions on Veteran Cadres’ Leaving Their Posts to Rest
1980/9/29
5中华人民共和国海洋环境保护法
Marine Environmental Protection Law
1982/8/232017/11/4
6中华人民共和国文物保护法
Cultural Relics Protection Law
1982/11/192017/11/4
7中华人民共和国海上交通安全法
Maritime Traffic Safety Law
1983/9/22016/11/7
8中华人民共和国水污染防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution
1984/5/112017/6/27
9中华人民共和国兵役法
Military Service Law
1984/5/312011/10/29
10中华人民共和国药品管理法
Drug Administration Law
1984/9/202019/8/26
11中华人民共和国义务教育法
Compulsory Education Law
1986/4/122018/12/29
12中华人民共和国土地管理法
Land Management Law
1986/6/252019/8/26
13中华人民共和国国境卫生检疫法
Frontier Health and Quarantine Law
1986/12/22018/4/27
14中华人民共和国海关法
Customs Law
1987/1/222017/11/4
15中华人民共和国大气污染防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution
1987/9/52018/10/26
16中华人民共和国档案法
Archives Law
1987/9/52020/6/20
17中国人民解放军军官军衔条例
Regulations on the Military Ranks of Officers of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army
1988/7/11994/5/12
18中华人民共和国保守国家秘密法
Law on the Protection of State Secrets
1988/9/52010/4/29
19中华人民共和国野生动物保护法
Wild Animals Protection Law
1988/11/82018/10/26
20中华人民共和国传染病防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases
1989/2/212013/6/29
21中华人民共和国环境保护法
Environmental Protection Law
1989/12/262014/4/24
22中华人民共和国军事设施保护法
Military Facilities Protection Law
1990/2/232014/6/27
23中华人民共和国人民警察警衔条例
Regulations on the Police Ranks of the People’s Police
1992/7/12009/8/27
24中华人民共和国测绘法
Surveying and Mapping Law
1992/12/282017/4/27
25中华人民共和国科学技术进步法
Scientific and Technological Progress Law
1993/7/22007/12/29
26中华人民共和国教师法
Teachers Law
1993/10/312009/8/27
27中华人民共和国城市房地产管理法
Urban Real Estate Administration Law
1994/7/52019/8/26
28中华人民共和国监狱法
Prisons Law
1994/12/292012/10/26
29中华人民共和国人民警察法
People’s Police Law
1995/2/282012/10/26
30中华人民共和国教育法
Education Law
1995/3/182015/12/27
31中华人民共和国预备役军官法
Officers in Reserve Service Law
1995/5/102010/8/28
32中华人民共和国体育法
Sports Law
1995/8/292016/11/7
33中华人民共和国固体废物污染环境防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste
1995/10/302020/4/29
34中华人民共和国行政处罚法
Administrative Penalties Law
1996/3/172020/1/22
35中华人民共和国律师法
Lawyers Law
1996/5/152017/9/1
36中华人民共和国促进科技成果转化法
Law on the Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements
1996/5/152015/8/29
37中华人民共和国职业教育法
Vocational Education Law
1996/5/15
38中华人民共和国枪支管理法
Firearms Control Law
1996/7/52015/4/24
39中华人民共和国环境噪声污染防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Noise Pollution
1996/10/292018/12/29
40中华人民共和国人民防空法
Civil Air Defense Law
1996/10/292009/8/27
41中华人民共和国献血法
Blood Donation Law
1997/12/29
42中华人民共和国防震减灾法
Earthquake Prevention and Disaster Relief Law
1997/12/292008/12/27
43中华人民共和国消防法
Fire Control Law
1998/4/292019/4/23
44中华人民共和国执业医师法
Licensed Physicians Law
1998/6/262009/8/27
45中华人民共和国高等教育法
Higher Education Law
1998/8/292018/12/29
46中华人民共和国行政复议法
Administrative Reconsideration Law
1999/4/292017/9/1
47中华人民共和国气象法
Meteorology Law
1999/10/312016/11/7
48中华人民共和国国家通用语言文字法
Law on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language
2000/10/31
49中华人民共和国现役军官法
Officers in Active Duty Law
1988/9/52000/12/28
50中华人民共和国国防教育法
National Defense Education Law
2001/4/282018/4/27
51中华人民共和国防沙治沙法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Desertification
2001/8/312018/10/26
52中华人民共和国人口与计划生育法
Population and Family Planning Law
2001/12/292015/12/27
53中华人民共和国科学技术普及法
Law on the Popularization of Science and Technology
2002/6/29
54中华人民共和国环境影响评价法
Environmental Impact Assessment Law
2002/10/282018/12/29
55中华人民共和国民办教育促进法
Private Education Promotion Law
2002/12/282018/12/29
56中华人民共和国海关关衔条例
Regulations on Customs Ranks
2003/2/28
57中华人民共和国居民身份证法
Resident Identity Cards Law
2003/6/282011/10/29
58中华人民共和国放射性污染防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Radioactive Pollution
2003/6/28
59中华人民共和国行政许可法
Administrative Licensing Law
2003/8/272019/4/23
60中华人民共和国道路交通安全法
Road Traffic Safety Law
2003/10/282011/4/22
61中华人民共和国公务员法
Civil Servants Law
2005/4/272018/12/29
62中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法
Public Security Administrative Penalties Law
2005/8/282012/10/26
63中华人民共和国公证法
Notarization Law
2005/8/282017/9/1
64中华人民共和国护照法
Passports Law
2006/4/29
65中华人民共和国突发事件应对法
Emergency Response Law
2007/8/30
66中华人民共和国城乡规划法
Urban and Rural Planning Law
2007/10/282019/4/23
67中华人民共和国禁毒法
Narcotics Control Law
2007/12/29
68中华人民共和国食品安全法
Food Safety Law
2009/2/282018/12/29
69中华人民共和国人民武装警察法
People’s Armed Police Law
2009/8/272020/6/20
70中华人民共和国驻外外交人员法
Law on Diplomatic Personnel Stationed Abroad
2009/10/31
71中华人民共和国海岛保护法
Offshore Islands Protection Law
2009/12/26
72中华人民共和国国防动员法
National Defense Mobilization Law
2010/2/26
73中华人民共和国非物质文化遗产法
Intangible Cultural Heritage Law
2011/2/25
74中华人民共和国行政强制法
Administrative Coercion Law
2011/6/30
75中华人民共和国出境入境管理法
Exit-Entry Administration Law
2012/6/30
76中华人民共和国精神卫生法
Mental Health Law
2012/10/262018/4/27
77中华人民共和国反间谍法
Counterespionage Law
2014/11/1
78中华人民共和国反恐怖主义法
Counterterrorism Law
2015/12/272018/4/27
79中华人民共和国国防交通法
National Defense Transportation Law
2016/9/3
80中华人民共和国电影产业促进法
Film Industry Promotion Law
2016/11/7
81中华人民共和国中医药法
Traditional Chinese Medicine Law
2016/12/25
82中华人民共和国公共文化服务保障法
Law on Ensuring Public Cultural Services
2016/12/25
83中华人民共和国国家情报法
National Intelligence Law
2017/6/272018/4/27
84中华人民共和国核安全法
Nuclear Safety Law
2017/9/1
85中华人民共和国公共图书馆法
Public Libraries Law
2017/11/42018/10/26
86中华人民共和国土壤污染防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution
2018/8/31
87中华人民共和国消防救援衔条例
Regulations on Fire and Rescue Ranks
2018/10/26
88中华人民共和国疫苗管理法
Vaccine Administration Law
2019/6/29
89中华人民共和国密码法
Cryptography Law
2019/10/26
90中华人民共和国基本医疗卫生与健康促进法
Basic Healthcare and Health Promotion Law
2019/12/28
91中华人民共和国社区矫正法
Community Corrections Law
2019/12/28
92中华人民共和国生物安全法
Biosecurity Law
2020/10/17
93中华人民共和国海警法
Coast Guard Law
2021/1/22

Economic Laws [经济法] (75)

Economic laws govern the State’s macro-management or regulation of the economy. Specifically, they govern (1) macroeconomic regulation and control (including tax laws); (2) competition; (3) foreign trade and commerce; (4) regulation of key industries (such as the railway or the agriculture industry); (5) protection and use of natural resources; and (6) standardization of economic activities.

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
1全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准《广东省经济特区条例》的决议
NPCSC Resolution on the Approving the Guangdong Province Regulations on Special Economic Zones
1980/8/26
2中华人民共和国个人所得税法
Individual Income Tax Law
1980/9/102018/8/31
3中华人民共和国统计法
Statistics Law
1983/12/82009/6/27
4中华人民共和国森林法
Forest Law
1984/9/202019/12/28
5中华人民共和国会计法
Accounting Law
1985/1/212017/11/4
6中华人民共和国草原法
Grassland Law
1985/6/182013/6/29
7中华人民共和国计量法
Metrology Law
1985/9/62018/10/26
8中华人民共和国渔业法
Fisheries Law
1986/1/202013/12/28
9中华人民共和国矿产资源法
Mineral Resources Law
1986/3/192009/8/27
10中华人民共和国邮政法
Postal Law
1986/12/22015/4/24
11中华人民共和国水法
Water Law
1988/1/212016/7/2
12中华人民共和国标准化法
Standardization Law
1988/12/292017/11/4
13中华人民共和国进出口商品检验法
Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law
1989/2/212018/12/29
14中华人民共和国铁路法
Railway Law
1990/9/72015/4/24
15中华人民共和国烟草专卖法
Tobacco Monopoly Law
1991/6/292015/4/24
16中华人民共和国水土保持法
Soil and Water Conservation Law
1991/6/292010/12/25
17中华人民共和国进出境动植物检疫法
Exit-Entry Animals and Plants Quarantine Law
1991/10/302009/8/27
18中华人民共和国税收征收管理法
Tax Collection Administration Law
1992/9/42015/4/24
19中华人民共和国产品质量法
Products Quality Law
1993/2/222018/12/29
20中华人民共和国农业技术推广法
Law on the Popularization of Agricultural Technologies
1993/7/22012/8/31
21中华人民共和国农业法
Agriculture Law
1993/7/22012/12/28
22中华人民共和国反不正当竞争法
Anti–Unfair Competition Law
1993/9/22019/4/23
23中华人民共和国注册会计师法
Certified Public Accountants Law
1993/10/312014/8/31
24全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于外商投资企业和外国企业适用增值税、消费税、营业税等税收暂行条例的决定
NPCSC Decision on Applying the Interim Regulations on Value-Added Tax, Consumption Tax, Business Tax, and Other Taxes to Foreign-Invested Enterprises and Foreign Enterprises
1993/12/29
25中华人民共和国台湾同胞投资保护法
Law on the Protection of Investments by Taiwan Compatriots
1994/3/52019/12/28
26中华人民共和国预算法
Budget Law
1994/3/222018/12/29
27中华人民共和国对外贸易法
Foreign Commerce Law
1994/5/122016/11/7
28中华人民共和国审计法
Audit Law
1994/8/312006/2/28
29中华人民共和国广告法
Advertising Law
1994/10/272018/10/26
30中华人民共和国中国人民银行法
Law on the People’s Bank of China
1995/3/182003/12/27
31中华人民共和国民用航空法
Civil Aviation Law
1995/10/302018/12/29
32中华人民共和国电力法
Electricity Law
1995/12/282018/12/29
33中华人民共和国煤炭法
Coal Law
1996/8/292016/11/7
34中华人民共和国乡镇企业法
Township and Village Enterprises Law
1996/10/29
35中华人民共和国公路法
Highway Law
1997/7/32017/11/4
36中华人民共和国动物防疫法
Animal Epidemic Prevention Law
1997/7/32021/1/22
37中华人民共和国防洪法
Flood Control Law
1997/8/292016/7/2
38中华人民共和国节约能源法
Energy Conservation Law
1997/11/12018/10/26
39中华人民共和国建筑法
Construction Law
1997/11/12019/4/23
40中华人民共和国价格法
Pricing Law
1997/12/29
41中华人民共和国种子法
Seed Law
2000/7/82015/11/4
42中华人民共和国海域使用管理法
Law on the Administration of the Use of Sea Areas
2001/10/27
43中华人民共和国政府采购法
Government Procurement Law
2002/6/292014/8/31
44中华人民共和国中小企业促进法
Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Promotion Law
2002/6/292017/9/1
45中华人民共和国清洁生产促进法
Cleaner Production Promotion Law
2002/6/292012/2/29
46中华人民共和国港口法
Ports Law
2003/6/282018/12/29
47中华人民共和国银行业监督管理法
Banking Supervision and Administration Law
2003/12/272006/10/31
48中华人民共和国农业机械化促进法
Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law
2004/6/252018/10/26
49中华人民共和国可再生能源法
Renewable Energy Law
2005/2/282009/12/26
50中华人民共和国畜牧法
Animal Husbandry Law
2005/12/292015/4/24
51中华人民共和国农产品质量安全法
Agricultural Products Safety Law
2006/4/292018/10/26
52中华人民共和国反洗钱法
Anti–Money Laundering Law
2006/10/31
53中华人民共和国企业所得税法
Enterprise Income Tax Law
2007/3/162018/12/29
54中华人民共和国反垄断法
Anti-Monopoly Law
2007/8/30
55中华人民共和国循环经济促进法
Circular Economy Promotion Law
2008/8/292018/10/26
56中华人民共和国企业国有资产法
Law on the State-Owned Assets of Enterprises
2008/10/28
57中华人民共和国石油天然气管道保护法
Law on the Protection of Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines
2010/6/25
58中华人民共和国车船税法
Vehicle and Vessel Tax Law
2011/2/252019/4/23
59中华人民共和国旅游法
Tourism Law
2013/4/252018/10/26
60中华人民共和国航道法
Waterway Law
2014/12/282016/7/2
61中华人民共和国深海海底区域资源勘探开发法
Law on the Exploration and Exploitation of Resources in Deep Seabed Area
2016/2/26
62中华人民共和国资产评估法
Assets Appraisal Law
2016/7/2
63中华人民共和国网络安全法
Cybersecurity Law
2016/11/7
64中华人民共和国环境保护税法
Environmental Protection Tax Law
2016/12/252018/10/26
65中华人民共和国烟叶税法
Tobacco Tax Law
2017/12/27
66中华人民共和国船舶吨税法
Vessel Tonnage Tax Law
2017/12/272018/10/26
67中华人民共和国电子商务法
E-Commerce Law
2018/8/31
68中华人民共和国耕地占用税法
Farmland Occupancy Tax Law
2018/12/29
69中华人民共和国车辆购置税法
Vehicle Acquisition Tax Law
2018/12/29
70中华人民共和国外商投资法
Foreign Investment Law
2019/3/15
71中华人民共和国资源税法
Resource Tax Law
2019/8/26
72中华人民共和国城市维护建设税法
Urban Maintenance and Construction Tax Law
2020/8/11
73中华人民共和国契税法
Deed Tax Law
2020/8/11
74中华人民共和国出口管制法
Export Control Law
2020/10/17
75中华人民共和国长江保护法
Yangtze River Protection Law
2020/12/26

Social Laws [社会法] (25)

China’s social laws are not as developed as other areas. They cover mainly three issue areas: (1) labor relations, social welfare, and workplace safety; (2) protection of special groups (such as minors and persons with disabilities); and (3) social organizations (including non-governmental organizations) and their activities.

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
1全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准《国务院关于工人退休、退职的暂行办法》的决议
NPCSC Resolution on Approving the State Council’s Interim Measures on Workers’ Retirement and Resignations
1978/5/24
2全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于批准《国务院关于职工探亲待遇的规定》的决议
NPCSC Resolution on Approving the State Council’s Provisions on the Family Visit Benefits for Employees
1981/3/6
3中华人民共和国归侨侨眷权益保护法
Law on the Rights and Interests of Returned Overseas Chinese and Their Family Members
1990/9/72009/8/27
4中华人民共和国残疾人保障法
Law on the Protection of Persons with Disabilities
1990/12/282018/10/26
5中华人民共和国未成年人保护法
Minors Protection Law
1991/9/42020/10/17
6中华人民共和国工会法
Trade Unions Law
1992/4/32001/10/27
7中华人民共和国妇女权益保障法
Law on the Protection of Women’s Rights and Interests
1992/4/32018/10/26
8中华人民共和国矿山安全法
Mines Safety Law
1992/11/72009/8/27
9中华人民共和国红十字会法
Red Cross Society Law
1993/10/312017/2/24
10中华人民共和国劳动法
Labor Law
1994/7/52018/12/29
11中华人民共和国母婴保健法
Maternal and Infant Healthcare Law
1994/10/272017/11/4
12中华人民共和国老年人权益保障法
Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of the Elderly
1996/8/292018/12/29
13中华人民共和国预防未成年人犯罪法
Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law
1999/6/282020/12/26
14中华人民共和国公益事业捐赠法
Public Welfare Donations Law
1999/6/28
15中华人民共和国职业病防治法
Law on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases
2001/10/272018/12/29
16中华人民共和国安全生产法
Workplace Safety Law
2002/6/292014/8/31
17中华人民共和国劳动合同法
Labor Contract Law
2007/6/292012/12/28
18中华人民共和国就业促进法
Employment Promotion Law
2007/8/302015/4/24
19中华人民共和国社会保险法
Social Insurance Law
2010/10/282018/12/29
20中华人民共和国军人保险法
Military Personnel Insurance Law
2012/4/27
21中华人民共和国特种设备安全法
Special Equipment Safety Law
2013/6/29
22中华人民共和国反家庭暴力法
Anti–Domestic Violence Law
2015/12/27
23中华人民共和国慈善法
Charity Law
2016/3/16
24中华人民共和国境外非政府组织境内活动管理法
Law on the Management of the Activities of Overseas Non-Governmental Organizations in Mainland China
2016/4/282017/11/4
25中华人民共和国退役军人保障法
Veterans Protection Law
2020/11/11

Criminal Law [刑法] (1)

Criminal law here refers to substantive criminal law and consists of the 1997 Criminal Law, China’s unified criminal code, as well as the subsequent standalone amendments to the Criminal Law.

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
*中华人民共和国刑法
Criminal Law
1979/7/12020/12/26
全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于惩治骗购外汇、逃汇和非法买卖外汇犯罪的决定
NPCSC Decision on Punishing the Crimes of Fraudulently Purchasing, Evading, and Illegally Trading in Foreign Exchanges
1998/12/29
中华人民共和国刑法修正案
Criminal Law Amendment
1999/12/25N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(二)
Criminal Law Amendment (II)
2001/8/31N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(三)
Criminal Law Amendment (III)
2001/12/29N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(四)
Criminal Law Amendment (IV)
2002/12/28N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(五)
Criminal Law Amendment (V)
2005/2/28N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(六)
Criminal Law Amendment (VI)
2006/6/29N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(七)
Criminal Law Amendment (VII)
2009/2/28N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(八)
Criminal Law Amendment (VIII)
2011/2/25N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(九)
Criminal Law Amendment (IX)
2015/8/29N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(十)
Criminal Law Amendment (X)
2017/11/4N/A
中华人民共和国刑法修正案(十一)
Criminal Law Amendment (XI)
2020/12/26N/A

Litigation & Non-Litigation Procedure Laws [诉讼与非诉讼程序法] (11)

Litigation and non-litigation procedure laws govern the procedures used in litigation and other methods for resolving disputes, such as arbitration and mediation.

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#TitleAdoptedLast Updated
1中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法
Criminal Procedure Law
1979/7/12018/10/26
2全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于对中华人民共和国缔结或者参加的国际条约所规定的罪行行使刑事管辖权的决定
NPCSC Decision on the Exercise of Criminal Jurisdiction over the Crimes Prescribed by the International Treaties to Which the People’s Republic of China Is a Party or Has Acceded
1987/6/23
3中华人民共和国行政诉讼法
Administrative Litigation Law
1989/4/42017/6/27
4中华人民共和国民事诉讼法
Civil Procedure Law
1991/4/92017/6/27
5中华人民共和国仲裁法
Arbitration Law
1994/8/312017/9/1
6中华人民共和国海事诉讼特别程序法
Special Maritime Procedure Law
1999/12/25
7中华人民共和国引渡法
Extradition Law
2000/12/28
8中华人民共和国劳动争议调解仲裁法
Law on the Mediation and Arbitration of Labor Disputes
2007/12/29
9中华人民共和国农村土地承包经营纠纷调解仲裁法
Law on the Mediation and Arbitration of Disputes over Contracted Management of Rural Land
2009/6/27
10中华人民共和国人民调解法
People’s Mediation Law
2010/8/28
11中华人民共和国国际刑事司法协助法
International Criminal Justice Assistance Law
2018/10/26

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