Translation: 2018 Amendment to the P.R.C. Constitution

中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会公告
第一号
Announcement of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China
No. 1

中华人民共和国宪法修正案已由中华人民共和国第十三届全国人民代表大会第一次会议于2018年3月11日通过,现予公布施行。
The Amendment to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China has been adopted by the 1st Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on March 11, 2018 and is hereby promulgated to take effect.

中华人民共和国第十三届全国人民代表大会第一次会议主席团
2018年3月11日于北京
Presidium of the 1st Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China
March 11, 2018 in Beijing

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Translation: Communist Party’s Proposals for Amending the P.R.C. Constitution (2018)

UPDATE (Feb. 26, 2018): This translation now also appears on China Law Translate.


The Communist Party today released full text of its proposals for amending the P.R.C. Constitution, which are translated below. In translating this document, we mostly followed the official English translation of the Constitution that is available on the NPC’s website. Some texts below are formatted to enhance readability. Our comments are in brackets. The translation is subject to further modifications.

As we have said before, the Constitutional Amendment eventually adopted by the NPC in March will most likely be identical to the following proposals, except for the use of maybe one or two characters or punctuations. No governmental or Party entity is publicly soliciting comments on the following proposals.

Continue reading “Translation: Communist Party’s Proposals for Amending the P.R.C. Constitution (2018)”

NPCSC to Convene Special Session to Consider Draft Constitutional Amendment (UPDATED)

UPDATE (Jan. 30, 2018): The NPCSC decided to convene the 2018 NPC session on March 5, 2018, as expected. The Party’s proposals for amending the Constitution have not yet been released.


The Council of Chairmen decided today to convene the second special session—also the 32nd session—of the 12th NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) from January 29 to 30, 2018.[*] This short two-day session will focus on two things: (1) deliberating a constitutional amendment drafted on the basis of the Communist Party’s proposals for amending the Constitution that were approved last week; and (2) considering a decision to convene the 1st Session of the 13th NPC.

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NPC Calendar: January 2018

The following legislations and decisions take effect on January 1, 2018:

The 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party will convene for its Second Plenum this month to discuss proposals for amending China’s Constitution. We expect the NPCSC to hold a non-regularly scheduled session shortly thereafter to draft a constitutional amendment based on the Party’s proposals. We also expect this NPCSC session to adopt a decision to convene the 1st Session of the 13th NPC on March 5, 2018.

Pursuant to a March 2017 decision of the NPC (discussed here), the roughly 3,000 delegates to the 13th NPC will be elected by the end of this month. The 12th NPCSC will certify the results of the elections at its next regularly scheduled session in late February.


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Explainer: China to Amend the Constitution for the Fifth Time (UPDATED)

UPDATE (Jan. 25, 2017): This post has been updated to reflect recent developments.


The official Xinhua News Agency reported on December 27 that the Politburo decided to convene the Second Plenum of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party in January 2018. The main agenda of the Plenum is to “discuss and study proposals for amending part of [China’s current] Constitution,” which was adopted in 1982 and later amended four times in 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004. Under Chinese law (and a key CPC policy document), the constitutional amendment process essentially includes three steps. In this post, we will explain each step in turn and point out the key events to watch during the next several months.

Continue reading “Explainer: China to Amend the Constitution for the Fifth Time (UPDATED)”