NPC Calendar: April 2022

The 13th NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC) is expected to convene for its 34th session in late April. The Council of Chairpersons is expected to meet in mid-April to decide on the agenda and dates of the session. The session is expected to review the following bills:

  • draft Futures and Derivatives Law [期货和衍生品法];
  • draft revision to the Vocational Education Law [职业教育法];
  • draft plan for allocating seats in the 14th NPC among electoral units;
  • draft plan for allocating ethnic-minority seats in the 14th NPC among electoral units and minority groups; and
  • draft plan for selecting delegates who represent Taiwan in the 14th NPC.

For background information on the allocation of seats in the NPC, please see this post.

The session may also consider one or more of the following bills:

The NPCSC is expected to release its annual plans on legislative, oversight, and delegates work for 2022 after this month’s session.

Explainer: How Seats in China’s National People’s Congress Are Allocated

Delegates voting by a show of hands at the inaugural session of the First NPC in 1954.

China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) is the largest legislature in the world. Since 1986, its size has been capped by the Election Law for the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at All Levels (Election Law) [全国人民代表大会和地方各级人民代表大会选举法] at 3,000. The delegates are indirectly elected every five years to represent thirty-five electoral units: the thirty-one provincial administrative regions in mainland China, the Chinese military, as well as Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan.

Under the Election Law, NPC delegates must be “broadly representative” [广泛的代表性]. To that end, the Law requires in general terms that various demographic groups, including women and ethnic minorities, have “appropriate” representation in the NPC. Since the Reform Era (1978–), each NPC has, at its last session, adopted a “decision on the quotas and elections” of delegates to the next NPC—referred to below as a “Master Allocation Plan” or “Master Plan”—that puts the Election Law’s general requirements in more concrete terms. (The Master Plan for the 14th NPC was recently adopted on March 11.) The Plans have either allocated a specific number of seats to a certain demographic group or set forth guidelines on a group’s representation in the next NPC.

Below, we first explain how seats in the NPC have been allocated among the various electoral units and demographic groups to achieve a demographically diverse membership, before briefly taking a look at the non-demographic criteria for selecting NPC delegates.

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2022 NPC Session: Documents List

The 5th Session of the 13th NPC concluded on Friday, March 11, after having approved all reports and bills submitted to it for consideration. As usual, below we have compiled a list of all official documents from this Session. Unless otherwise noted, all documents are available in Chinese only. The NPC’s votes on bills and resolutions are also listed below in brackets, in the order of yea – nay – abstention, followed by the number of delegates not voting (NV).

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NPC Amends Governing Law of Local People’s Congresses & Governments, Tightens Rules for NPC Elections in Hong Kong & Macao

The NPC concluded its annual session in 2022 on Friday, March 11. Among other actions taken, it approved four pieces of legislation: the first set of major amendments to the Organic Law of Local People’s Congresses at All Levels and Local People’s Governments at All Levels (“Local Organic Law”) [地方各级人民代表大会和地方各级人民政府组织法] in over two decades; a decision governing the elections of delegates to the next (14th) NPC; and two measures for electing 14th NPC delegates from Hong Kong and Macao, respectively. We will cover the decision on 14th NPC elections in a forthcoming post that looks at how seats in the NPC are allocated to various electoral units and demographic groups. Below, we briefly summarize the other three pieces of legislation.

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2022 NPC Session: Agenda & Daily Schedule

The National People’s Congress (NPC) has released its 2022 Session’s agenda and daily schedule of meetings. The Session will open on the morning of Saturday, March 5 and close on the morning of Friday, March 11, lasting a total of six and a half days. All times below are in China Standard Time (UTC +8:00). If you are new to the NPC and its annual sessions, remember to check out this FAQ.

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